University of South Carolina Libraries
^ ^vacuum tube used'
1l as radio detector ,,
How This Device Depends on ?>
Emission and Control of
Electrons for Its Operation. 11
Readers of 4he radio column are tl
urged to clip each article and paste n
~ ~ Tl.y, tirmf- i
i ?/? u /nr uuun. j >it i*> n.?vo j-. ....
ed are continuous and the entire fr
series will he valuable for reference. Ik
The greatest udvances made in the 11
past few years in the radio art have t(
been due in one way or another to
the use of vacuum tubes. In view of
this fart n more careful considetution
of tiient will be of interest.
All of these tubes, known by a variety
of names, such as radiotron. audion,
seriotron (trade names of the ..
manufacturer) depend upon the same ,(|
fundamental principles for their op I \
ration. For the sake of simplicity }jj
of brevity these will be referred to in j
this column simply as vacuum tubes.
A vacuum tulte can be made to function
as a detector, as an amplifier, or s'
as an oscillator.
The vacuum tube depends on the
emission and control of electrons for
its operation. The electron is the ^
smallest subdivision of matter which
mankind recognizes and it carries the
smallest known charge of negative '
electricity. For years previous to
electron research it laid been held by
scientists that matter was built up ot j
.. . I i.i
distinct particles or units wnicn mey j ?
called atoms and molecules. At lirst OI
.the molecule was assumed to be the
smallest quantity of matter that could
have a separate existence or take j ,!l
part in chemical action, but more vig- 1 'xt
orous research pointed to the fact that t;l
the molecule is made up of still small- I "
er eleiiients which are termed atoms; '*
thut is, a molecule may lie composed :ir
of several atoms. Then for a time It ,e
was assumed that the atom was the cr
very smallest quantity of an element ('11
that could exist, but later researches
have revealed** that atoms may be '''
further subdivided into particles 'lC
/ ?i? \ 1,6
/ t ? t \ c?r/?r+x^^ o<
/ t t t I """(pt j In
I tit J ;;;
W Battery te
# ^l'l'!'|lt??^ at
M ' J3efKtr-y at
/^/jure HI |
called electrons. The apparent mass j *
of an electron Is about one-elghteen- \
hundreds part of that of an atom of *
hydrogen which is the smallest of the '
chemical atoms. J
According to the electron theory t
an atom consists of a definite nwin- \
ber of electrons grouped around a *
nucleus having u positive charge and ; '
? no long as none of tlie component *
electrons are driven from the atom. \
the latter possess no detectable charge. I *
The positive charge on the nucleus is #
said to he exactly neutralized by the *
negative charges on the electrons ?
grouped about It. j *
Suppoie now that by some means *
an electron can be detached from the f t
atom. Then the atom becomes what '
Is known as n positive ion ami it ex- t
- hlbits the properties of u positively *
charged body, or in other words since *
an electron which carries a negative J
charge has been removed from the j *
atom* which lias equal positive and J
negative charges, the portion of the j *
atom now remaining has a deficiency t
of negative charge and acts like any *
positively charged body. \
On the other hand if some force can \
be brought to bear that will add an '
electron to a normal atom which is *
neutral as far as electrical charges *
Hie measured, the result will he a no- ,
gntlve ion, which will possess all the *
properties of a negatively charged ?
body. An atom then which has a *
deficiency of electrons is called a pos- t
itive ion and one having excess of J
electrons is hilled a negative Ion. *
Since each electron carries a ne- ?
outivo rhsiriro of electricitv an eiec- *
tron represents a certain quantity of !
electricity. Forcing electrons to move *
from one point to another causes ?
electricity to flow. The anility of any \
medium to conduct electricity or allow *
* current to How through It depends J
upon the number of free electrons *
available as carriers of charges.
It has been known for many yeurs ?
RADIO OF 1879 DISCOVERED'"
Instruments and Notebooks of David v
Hughes, Pioneer in Wireless, e
Found in London.
Instruments and notebooks of great e
historic and scientific value to the stu- ! ''
dent of wireless telegraphy have re- 11
rently been unearthed in London and (1
are now in the archives of tlie British 1
museum. They were tlie property of "
J?avid Hughes and the books are a
complete record of bis experiments in
wireless telegraphy forty-three years
ago?in 1870. i <*
For twenty years they have been '
stored in a furniture warehouse in h
London and were brought to light "
through the efforts of A. A. Campbell I
Swinton and Col. II. G. Lyons of the |]
Science museum. i t
The noteluioks are many in number
and are said to he a complete record
of Hughes' work in wireless, including
drawings and a description of his in- h
\ vent ion of the microphone. Among <1
lilt the space surrounding a piece 01
fitted metal Is a conductor 01
ectricity. It lias been demons!rut
i more recently that this is due to tin
lease of electrons and that If at
icandescent metal be placed in t
nib exhausted of ai 1 gases, pure elec
ons will he liberated from the In
In a vacuum tube such as we an
dug at the present time, the piect
r metal used to furnish the electron:
called the filament ami is usualP
ade of tungsten and sometimes I:
>ated with oxides to increase tin
lectron emission. For convenient
ie filament of a vacuum tuhe is heat
I by a battery current and it is thi<
fiit furnished by the battery curren
nit eonstitutes the foree that (lis
tpts the atoms of tiie filament am
Fig. Ill is a spherical glass hull
.....I .flt-OC l< IV<
('Ill Willi"!! ill! nil- .in .iii.i ......
?t'ii exhausted and having mourned ii
a tilament C-D wliieh can lie lieutec
? incandescence by the "A" batten
ranected to it. and the metallic plati
When the tilament C-I> is beatei
? incandescence, by the "A" battel']
nnected across its terminals elec
ons are emitted. Connecting tin
Id plate 10 to the incandescent tila
ont C-D by means of the circuit K
-li-H which inclmles a current metei
ltd a "It" battery, with its negattv<
de connected to the filament leai
I H and its positive side connectei
trough the current meter, the plan
Homes electrically positive with re
ect to the filament.
Since like charges repel and unlikt
targes attract, there will be a move
cut of electrons from the til a men
i the positively eltarged plate, ant
ie current meter will show a deflec
nn which indicates that a current h
wing in the circuit E-F-G-H.
Increasing the "U" battery voltagt
tuses tin Increase in the cttrretit
wing in the circuit IvK-G-lI. tin
ate circuit, until the positive cltargt
t the plate E Is so strong that ul
tlie electrons given otY by the tila
ont are attracted To it. Assuming
at the temperature of the filament is
>pt constant and that the plate vol
ge has been increased to the point
here till of the electrons given ofl
the filament are attracted to it
ty further increases in the "It" hat
ry voltage will not cause any lit'
ease in the current in the plate clr
Increasing the temperature of the
anient will Increase the total ntttn
t of the electrons emitted.
Radiophones on German Trains.
Wireless telephone instruments will
> installed on a number of important
?rman express trains, and receiving
struments will be placed In hotels
id embassies, according to an anmncement
made recently. Kxperi
ents conducted in a moving fre!gld
r have shown that the wireless sys
m works well, the men engaged in
e testing of the instruments beiiu
de to hold conversations with friends
Berlin. The tests were made umlet
e observation of engineers, militarj
taches and tlie diplomatic roprentntlves
of the United States and
ADVICc "FOR AMATEURS. \
The voltages applied to the J
plate circuits of amplifying J
tubes are not extremely critical <
and one voltage control will suf- \
ttce. The detector tube, how- <
ever, is often very critical and J
an efficient potentiometer will <
work wonders in controlling it. J
Aniuiriitus used for tlie recen- '
tlon of broadcasting Is exactly
the same as that used for the
reception of code signals. The
transmitting equipment, however.
The use of a single wire for
reception is advantageous because
It lessens the amount of
objections!! interference in tJie
way of static. Jl is equally as
good as a multiple wire system
Defective "It" batteries will
often cause roaring in tiie telephone
The electron often talked
about is the smallest known
quantity <f negative electrical
energy. Ta motion it makes up
the electric current.
A "soft" vacuum tube is used
as a detector tube and a "hard"
vacuum tube as an amplifier.
The terms "hard" and "soft"
refer to degree of evacuation.
Kadio x.avcs travel at the
same speed as light, namely
1SO.OOO miles per second.
A wavejneter is an instrument
used for checking up the
wave lengths of sending and re
Gns pipe or water pipe sys- 1
tetns tiiiiy be used for grounds. !
the latter being more advisable. J
Lightning protection secured <
by grounding the antenna when
not in use is essential* and is re- i
quired by the underwriters.
nide microphones, unquestionably th
ork of the inventor's own hands an
*ith which he carried on some of hi
xperiiiients n vireless telegraphy.
There are also drawings made b
iughes and descriptions of the set
nil instruments, all making a con
Jete record, together with what th
tuseutn already lias acquired of th
arliest scientific inquiries In an at
hat today is attracting the earnes
ttention of the whole ..orld.
Set That Will Not Freeze.
Jean Leearne, a French engineei
oiinected with Vallot ohservatory, n
he summit of-Mont lllanc, in the Alp;
as invented a radio instrument wide
? not affected l?y low temperature;
Ie proposes the use of such sets h
iiountain climbers ami otlior advet
Fear of Lightning.
"Lightning shy" radio fans hav
ieeii worried about t lie possibility <
1 SOILS IMPROVED
: BY COVER CROPS
Used for More Than 100 Years
? by Farmers Who Found
i THREE PURPOSES OF LEGUMES
( Universal Rule to Plant in Time to Secure
Good Growth Before Freez'
ing Weather?Of Especial
Value to Truckers.
- (Prejnirpd by tli" t'ulteil Slnlos Department
I of Agriculture.)
j Planting cover .or green manure!
crops is a matter which requires ata
tcution in September in most parts of
j the United States, says the United
. I States Department of Agriculture.
' " * - i- ... I H I n./nm no
cmvei", veicn, mm uinci icfjiuiitij
J s?rve the triple purpose of adding
hi;mus to the soil, uccuuiulatlng nitrogen,
and preventing soil erosion.
r With some tender berry utid fruft
j Crops they also serve to protect the
I roots from severe winter weather. OutI
side of the nitrogen-forming plunts,
, rye is largely used us a cover crop
sown In the fall and plowed under In
the spring to add organic matter to the
soil. The cover-crop problem varies
largely with locality, but for over^
winter purposes there is one rule which
j is universal, and that Is to get the
crop in tlie ground in time to secure
good growth before freezing weather.
A Practice of Long Standing.
The use of clover or some other
1 legume to enrich the soil is generally
considered u cardinal nrgrlcultural
practice In the humid sections of the
United States. It antedates by three1
fourths of a century the monumental
discovery that legumes store up nltro?
gen from tlie uir. The belief that
' clover was a valuable improver rested
first 011 experience, and later experience
was substantiated by the discovery
of the relation between the
legumes and the nodule bacteria.
Other legumes, as the cowpea, the
Japan clover and bur clover in the
South, and crimson clovef on the Atlantic
coast, have come into use in the
territory, not wen auiipieu lu iui
clover. The various vetches are held
In widesjiread favor, different varieties
being employed according to climate
and crop conditions.
The time of planting and the best
' crop to use is a matter which local
conditions must dictate. Along the
Cover Crop Should Make Fair Amount
of Growth Before It Is Turned
north Atlantic coast it Is considered
best to get these crops In from the
first to the middle of August, while
In the extreme South the planting may
be deferred to early October. In the
Vnrfh holpv vofch In fnvnred
as u legume cover, or green manure
crop, but rye Is also lnrgely planted.
From middle Pennsylvania to the
north Alabama line crimson clover
gives good results. In the extreme
South bur clover, vetch, and crimson
clover are used, as well us velvet
beans and cowpeas.
Broadcasting Seed Is Favored.
Methods with cover crops vary1greatly.
In the South they are customarily
sowed between rows of cotton at the
last picking. It Is also common to
sow the winter crop between corn
rows before harvest. Wherever clean
cultivation is practiced the soil Is
likely to be in shape for broadcasting
the seed. If convenient, It can be
harrowed in. In orchards a light harrowing
or disking may be employed
if the ground is free from sod. Cure
must, of course, he taken not to Injure
the roots. The crop is usually plowed
under In the spring, hut this is not always
done with orchards. Data collected
in Jill parts of the United States
shows a general benefit from this form
Cover crops are of especial value to
sntull gardeners and truckers, who
often find it both difficult and expensive
to obtain stable manure. They
add the humus which Is so necessary
to maintain a good physical condition
of the soil.
PROBLEMS OF AVERAGE FARM
\ One of the Most Important Is to Arrange
Work to Obtain Profit
* From Bach Department.
e To arrange the work of the farm so
J that each department can be made to
s 'turn a profit Is one of the important
problems of the average furin. Where
y silos are added to the farm buildings
r- n change of farm management must
i- follow. Less hay Is needed, less land
e is required for pasture, more stock can
e be kept on the land, more land must
"t be used for corn, or at least sufficient
>t corn must be planted to fill the silo.
Less labor Is required to feed the
stock, bHt more must be provided during
the short season of silo filling.
GROW CLOVER TO FEED COWS
!l Animal Returns 75 Per Cent of Feed
to Soil, Even When All of Her
> Milk Is Sold.
Keep the cows and grow clover to
feed them on. A cow will return 7S
per cent of her feed to the soil, even
e when all her ndlk Is sold, und the
'' clover plant will do even more, for it
PUBLIC MARKET AIDS
BUYER AND PRODUCER
May Be Cpcn Space Where Farmers
Sell to Consumer.
Some Cities Have Erected Sheds Along
Agencies to Assist in Efficient
Open retail markets constitute the
simplest and least expensively operated
of all types of public markets.
In Its simplest form a market of this
type may be merely a designated
length of curb, a section of a broad
street, a vucnnt lot, where, under
slight supervision, farmers may group
their wagons and sell to consumers.
In Its highest development such a
market may consist of a paved tract
with raised walks covered with substantial
sheds to protect tenuis, wares.
buyers, and sellers ironi rue whuhci.
The shed mny even lie of a type that
in had weather may he nuidc practically
Into an enclosed building by the
use of rolling doors. A few cities have
erected sheds along street curhs for
the protection of open markets, but
for the most part curb markets are
unprotected and sheds are constructed
only In markets situated on special
The essential feature of a retail
market Is the restriction of purchases
to consumers us distinguished from
Open Retail Markets Benefit Both
Buyer and Producer.
dealers. Such a market, If It Is a
"producers' market," furnishes nn opportunity
for direct dealing between
producers and consumers. Open retail
markets may also admit hucksters,
or wagon and push-cart peddlers ais
salesmen. These dealers are usually
admitted under certain restrictions.
The United States Department of
Agriculture has given much attention
to the subject of public markets, their
establishment and operation, as nn
economical nnd satisfactory meeting
place for the country producer nnd
the city buyer. A new Department
Bulletin, No. 1002, entitled "Open
Types of Public Markets," is now
available for distribution, and copies
may be had free by writing to the Department
of Agriculture, Washington,
The bulletin discusses the function
of public markets, their ownership and
control, establishment and operation.
It says that public markets are not
agencies to replace other means of
distribution of farm produce?they are
supplementary agencies to aid, under
favorable conditions, In efficient distribution.
SUCKERS ON CORN HARMLESS j
Many Farmers Have Mistaken Idea
That Earless Stalks Are Hindrance
Many fnrmers are possessed with
the Idea that the suckers or earless
stalks which grow from an ear-hearing
stalk of corn, are a hindrance to
the best growth of the latter;
and valuable hours ure sometimes
spent removing them. Hut experiments
during two successive years on
Nebraska farms demonstrated that
corn with the suckers left undisturbed
outylelded that from which the suck- J
ers had been removed. Their leaves,
like the others, would seem to perforin
useful oltice in absorbing nutritive
elements from the utmosphere
for ttie benefit of the ear on the main
BEES ARE VERY PROFITABLE
Common Honey Gatherer !u by Far
Best Carrier of Pollen?Scatter
The common honey bee is by far
the best carrier of pollen and It wiU
pay the fruit grower, to keep bees,
even though he may not care to go
into the honey business. lh>o8, however,
are a very profitable .lde-llnj
for the orchurdist, especially If alfalfa
fields are uvullublu to work on
after the blooming Benson or irim
hns passed. About one hive of bees
to an ucre of bearing orchard should
Preferably the hives should be renttered
as widely as possible throughout
the orchard during the blooming season.
Experiment and experience have
shewn that little reliance can be
placed on the ellicacy of wind and of
insects other than the honey bee In
effecting the transfer of pollen from
tree to tree, or In fact from llo.ver tb
HORSES NEED LIBERAL FEED
I j Oats Are More Acceptable, but
Corn, Kafir or Barley, With
Bran Are Good.
? Work horses need a liberal nllow?
ance of feed. Oats are more than acceptable,
but if corn, kallr or barley
' is used, horses will stay in better condition
if they can he furnished with n
i small allowance of wheat bran: Bran
Sonly is a good conditioner but it
furnishes protein and mineral
er which the horse needs.
0! the ff
Copyright, la22, Western Newspnper I .ilon
We are not always glad when wa
For the heart In a tempest of pain f
Hay live in the guise of a laugh in the
And the rainbow may live in the rain. (
-J. W? Riley.
BRAN DISHES AND OTHERS 1
A few spoonfuls of hrnn may b
mixed with any dry breakfast fo6d, *
various d 1 s h e t r
nt n y be made v
Bran Layer Cake.?Take one quarter
cupful of butter, add one unbeaten
egg and fill up the cup with sweet
milk, stirring enough to mix. Sift together
a tnblespoonful of cornstarch,
one cupful rtieh of Hour and sugar,
and a teaspoonful each of bilking
powder and salt. Add one-half cupful
of hrnn and mix with the liquid,
stir until smooth ami bake in two
foyers, using a cooked cream or Jelly
tar Hllinrr It nniv idsc he bilked in rt
loaf, adding spice to taste. ?
Bran Jelly.?Sift bran Into boiling
water, stirring till It is like gruel. Cook
slowly two hours, strain through a fine
sieve and repeat. Mix a tablespoonful
of graham flour with a little cold
water, add to the boiling liquid and
cook until it is smooth. Add a little
salt, pour into wot molds and set
away to harden. It will make a delicate
Jelly which may be served with
fruit or milk. Fine for a delleute
A bonny clabber desert is one which
If is wise to tench the children to enjoy.
Set a pan of rich new milk away
to just become thick. I'luce on ice until
well chilled and serve with grated
maple sugar or with a sprinkling of
brown sugar with nutmeg or cinnamon.
A child's luncheon with a piece of
whole wheat bread and butter will
make a good meal, even for an adult.
Thick sour cream, wh?n it Is obtainable,
makes the most delicious salad
dressings. Whip it with a Dover beater;
when stiff, add lemon or pineapple
Juice and such other seasonings as are
appropriate to the salad which is to be
served. The usual boiled salad dressing
is made especially rich and tasty
by the addition of a half-cupful of rich,
sour cream, beaten stiff and added to
three tabiespoonfuls of boiled dress
Rhubarb Pudding.?Place sufficient
sliced bread buttered to serve the family
In n baking dish, cover each slice
with chopped rhubarb, sprinkle with ''
sugar and nutmeg and repent until the c
dish Is full. Add boiling water and n
btike until the rhubarb is well cooked n
and the bread saturated with the Juice. r
Serve on a plate direct from the dish v
either hot or cold, with any desired n
To be what we are, and to bacome
what we are capable of becoming, Is e
the only end of life. V
The pleasantest things In the world
are pleasant thoughts, and the great
art In life is to have as many of them c
as posslble.-jBovee. t:
Now that the mushroom Is growing
In the fields a few dishes to rev
mind us of Its worth,
/' WS Scrambled Eggs and
r4V Mushrooms.?Break Into
small pieces one pint of
^ J^> fresh well-cleaned niush
rooms. Sprinkle with
mill llilfj ICI iiirm amiiu
30 minutas. Tut into a
saucepan two tablespoonftils
of butter; add the mushrooms
and their juice; cover and cook eight
minutes nfter they begin to simmer.
Season with pepper and more salt
if needed. Add the yolks of five eggs,
beaten slightly, to tlie stewed mushrooms.
Stir until the eggs are set.
Serve on toast.
Corn Fritter's.?Put the contents of
a can of corn through the meat chopper,
add two well-beaten eggs, two
or three tahlespoonfuls of milk and
two taidespoonfuls of tlour. Add oneluilf
teaspoonful of sugar, salt and
pepper to taste. Fry by spoonfuls In
hot fat or butter, browning well. Fresh
corn may be used, omitting the milk.
Curried Eggs.?Take six bard cooked
eggs. Peel three large onions and cut
them in thin slices, put them with two
tahlespoonfuls of butter in a saucepan
and cook until soft. Add one teaspoonful
of curry powder, one clove of garlic,
one-fourth of a teaspoonful of ginger.
one-lialf teaspoonful of salt, one
tahlespoonfui of tlour, one-half pint of
stock or water; cool. Take three cupfuls
of cooked rlre. avruiige around the
edge of the platter, cut eggs in slices
and pluce over the r'ce; over this pour
the sauce and serve very hot. Garnish
with green pepper or sprigs of parsley
Mutton With Dumplings. ? Take
*1 l.%WV..O? /X#
liircv pi;uiiu9 ui nit: uiruoi ui niuiton,
simmer until tender, tlien set
nslde to cool; skim off ull the fut, re- 1
turn the mutton to tlte liquid, add one '
or two onions finely chopped, salt, !
peiq>er and a Jlttfc. cvrry powder If
liked. Just before ser.-lng time drop
dumplings Into the hot stew. If r
dropped from a teaspoon these will 11
cook In eight minutes A few peas "
added to the stew v 111 chan/e the *
flavor and Improve the dish.
lyUii vrdtiL I
Undesirable Sc i-in-Law.
"Daughter," said the old man sternly.
"I positively forbid you marrying v
this young scapegrace! lie is an in- ?j
veterate poker player!" Ii
"Rut, papa," tearfully protested .1
Alicia Hortense, "poker Is not such r
an awful habit. Why, at your own r
"That's where I got my Information, *
daughter. I'll have no daughter of si
inlne bringing home a man that I can't '
bent with n flush, a full house and I
fours."?Richmond Tlujes-DIsoatch. c
I ''What Shall I T;
|| Cool Fr<
1AHE question that looms lip for
settlement, now that vacation
'ays are here, Is: "What Shall I Take
Vlong?" The average woman hr
earned the mental and physical rereshment
that follow her little sumnor
'journeylngs and will not allow
lerself to he burdened with a lot of
things." Besides, the .clothes of tolay
are far from bulky and one can
[o very well equipped and still travel
lght with no cumbersome luggage.
Some fair vacationists appear to
:njoy, above all things, going on dress
mrade, and there are plenty of places
vhere they can spend their days dress
Two Clever Models
UK and undressing to their heart's
ontent. But vacation, to most of us
uortals, means a sight-seeing journey,
visit to the country, or perhaps a
etreat to the wilderness, and gladly
,*e leave behind lis everything that will
ot be positively needed.
When the wardrobe Is brought down
o the Irreducible minimum, the tallord
suit is Its muln dependence.
Vherever we go* the suit goes too,
ogether with blouses, and one may
hoose a street or sports model for
raveling and general vacationing. Exmples
of these two styles are shown
u>re. The dark blue model, trimmed
vlth braid, as pictured in the fore;round,
Is a piece of original and good
leslgnlng. Its short loose coat, with
ong revers ni ine rrom, mamu ....... |
hree buttons below the waistline
nil looks very cool. The Skirt Is pluln ;
ind short enough to suit the most
easoned globe-trotter. Navy blue
will is a perennial favorite and vindicates
its choice everywhere. In the
tlier suit a plain homespun makes
he sleeveless coat with a cape, bound
vlth a striped material which Is used
Blouses of silk that are hopelessly
corn under the arms or even spotted
ft on ma>v over into good-looking
lats. Hinds or embroidery cover up
i multitude of spots. A good buckam
frame of becoming shape is first
equlred. The silk should next be
leaned and pressed and then drawn
imoothly over the hut. It Is usually
i good plan to cover the crown and
rim separately. Even a straw that
s faded can he covered this way. The
lever part Is to trim the hat with
alee Along?" |j .
scks for Summer H
for the plaited skirt. The coat hat
only one fastening, at the neck, hut
Is provided with a narrow belt with
short hanging ends. Either of^ese
suits, or both of them, will serve M
nearly every need of the tourist.
Midsummer calls out, along wltl J.
satin butterflies and guuze-wlnget
dragon flies, the sheerest and lovell
est afternoon dressse that grace th? j
year. They are scattered everywhere J
for women find an opportunity it J
these airy fabrics to Indulge theli ^
inborn love of daintiness and color.
For several seasons past, as nianu'
facturers have broadcasted adoi tblj ^
t in Tailored Suits.
pretty frocks of organdie, swlss, voile
and other sheer materials, they havQ
stimulated a demand for them that is
As the days grow hot, color com-!
hlnations that are cool-looking come to
the fore in these thin dresses. Two of
them, as shown here, reveal this bit
of welcome artistry on the part of the
designers. White organdie and dark
blue swjss, dotted with white, is a familiar
and well-loved combination?an
old friend in a new guise, which appears
in the dress at the left of the
picture^ The dress is mudfc of th?
swtss with apron oversklrt, collar. culTi
and sash of organdie, nppllqued and
-' 1 ? x.UKaJ mhlonniman
UUT (1111, UlSHII^UIDIICU, llliunwiuuivt
acquaintance?the black and white
combination?appear? In the dress of
white voile with inlays of checked tis- .
Biie, on the lady taking tea. '
cornxwrr rr vbtuw Ktweut unioh
, this year's effects and thus make It
up-to-date. Grapes, quills and clre
ribbon are all good touches, not to
mention beads and embroidery.
Party Bags Are Dainty.
One of jhe most charming accessories
for the dance costume Is the j
: dainty party bhg of soft silk or chiffon,
with flowers forming the Hat bot'
torn portion. The sides of the bag
are fulled Into this ornamentul purt,,
I ...vui, aifont of n small nose*
! VtlllVM v"^v% " j
; guy or corsage when carried. ]