" TO THJNE OWN SELK HE THUE, AND IT MUST FOLLOW, AS TIIE NIU1IT THE DAY, THOU CAN*BT NOT THEN HE FAUE TO ANY MAN."
VOL. 1. PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C., SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER 1, 1849. NO. 16
w w? iwwmw> n a. i juwm i iwi ?? iiiiiwi i?wwni - THE
PRINTED AND I'UUUBUSD WEEKLY BV
W. II. TR1MMIKR.
J. \V. NORRIS. JR.. ) - -
E. M. KKIT1I, ' \ KUltor8Ono
Dollar nnd Fifty Cents for ono ycar'n
mibscription when r'^i'l within thrco months I
Two dollar* if payment is delayed to the close I
of the fUilttcriptioQ year.
All Subscriptions not clcorly limited, vrill he j
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oontinuod till n discontinuance is ordered and
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Advertisement* inserted nt *75 cento per
MHimrn for iKo fir;* ' n ~A *' "
>?.iimvihi?,iuiuoi hh io)*
each continued insertion. Liberal deductions
made to those advertising by tlie veur.
ZW AH Oommnnicatiorts should be address- j
cd to the Publisher post paid.
from r/ic /'aimctlo Stale I tanner.
TIIE BAI..L. CONTINUES IN MOTION. I
The Democratic papers North, arc fnl- j
lin/X in, one after another, in support of j
the proposition to unite the broken ranks ,
^of the partv. by abaiulonincf NVHhrfot'n I
<WJ?rovi o, nnd Van Huron's schismatic no- [
tions on tho subject of Free-soil. Speak*
ing of (he proposition, the Albnly Arpvs
uses the following language*:
"Union is certainly attninabV, if no
more is demanded thnn that nU r.fnnd upon
the principles, tor'platfrrm,' if you pie; so, i
ol 'I nomas JeWc-i-son. This has been 10- i
. garded ay broad enough and large enough
for democrats to stand upon, since '08.?
The friend., of the democratic par-ty, of all
sections, can gather upon it, in concord
and united eifort, against the present proscriptive
whig administration, and rally under
their old and triumphant banner.
Suoh, we hopd, mav ho the iosuc of the
prevalent de*i -e of harmony."
We judge, from theRc signs, that the
people of the North are beginning to f ee
uio iriuioi me HUicifl il wo-ktngs of Abolitionism,
against the*Oon?titu?ionnl ?-ights
of tho South, and their inevitable tendency
to disunion; and honee we may look
for a radical change in public sentiment
on this subject of vital interest to the Union.
It will be a glorious day for the liepublic
when the peoplo of the States de
icrmmc 10 unite upon, ami permanently
maintain the true p-inciples of the Government?when
the loc d interests of the
Suites shall ho held sacred and inviolate,
to l>c controlled by the people, whose
sovereign privilege and duty it is to protect.
and defend th?*m?when the Constitution
shall bo regarded as the bond of
itrimn fir*/I ?
ihiivii, <>ii\< ltd |j|uill lllHI ubllllllA Ull lilt?
subject of lights delega cd, and those
held in rcservntion, obeyed and respectcd
by the people of each ?S'(nte, to the letter,
and in accordance with its true spirit?
when it shall be deemed sufficient that
the Congress shall exercise the power bestowed
upon it, "to dhposo of and make
needful rules and regulations respecting
the territories, or other property belong
mg to tno united states," .vithout prejudice
to the chums of any particular ?S>tate.
We say, it will l?5 a glorious day for the
States of th'13 Union, when this dotormin
auon snail do permanently resolved upon
by the people of all its confederated parts;
for then may each American boast that
liberty is established upon a basis never
to be shaken ; and point with p;ido to the
genius of his fathers, whose gigantic powers
of intellect were sufficient to conceive,
?arid'whose proud sons are able and
magnanimous enough to maintain, the
aicred chartor that binds as one so large
a number of States, with interests diver
sified, separate and distinct.
For a long period the /South has been
subjectc I to insult, by the wanton attempts
of the people of the freo States to
interfere with her looat interests in tho
mxtter of slavery, in violation of tho ivf.icles
of confederation. The second Section
o? the fourth Article of the fV.|Sstitution
provides that "no person hr.M to service
or labor in one ?tato. nndr.r thn l.uv<
thereof, escaping into another, shall, in
conscquence of any law or regulation
therein, be discharged from such service
or labor, but shall bo delivered up on
cltum of the party to whom such service
or labor may be clue." Yet, thin provision
has been totally disregarded, and our
slaves', escaping from erviiuy b^vn found
Erote<;tion under laws emo'od by St-atc
tfgHl'it'cs. The parties claiming have
de nnnded that the refugees be delivered
up, and for their pains they ha^e been insulted
and even murdered by Abolition
ista, in utter violation of tho la w establish
oil by tho people of tho tftatee for, .heir
defence ruid protection. Can Lhin state of
off lira continuo to exist without prejudice
to the Union ? Long has tho &Htth borne
these insults and violations, end it is time
that some amendment should be made
i in- 11mi; w ni inna, when tho people of
the North will be required to couih i)ie
cost of such interference with Southern
institutions^ The people of th<> douth ;
have endurod tlieso evils till they have j
l>ecoine inr.ufterubhx It fs the duty of
the people of the free Htntcs to see to it i
110 further encroachment is made upon
the rights and interests of the slivo
States. Thcre#is but one stop now between
union and disunion. The Democratic
party North have moved to save
the Union, and if successful in enlighten
ing tlie benighted minds of the masses, j
we ma.- yet hope to >ec the Government j
redeemed, and the Union preserved. As
long as the njasses arc kept in igno-ance j
of the ttue principles of the sacred inst'u- J
ment which unite the States, and mo suf
fered to be led by blind guide??fanatic '
Abolitionists, the Union will be in dangor
of dissolution. The first steps have now j
been taken to redeem tlx? countrv :inH w?> !
hope, We long, to witness n radical ch nge !
throughout the land.
[From (he Spartan]
Glf.nn Spiunob, Aug. V, 1840.
Dear Sir:?You will oblige me hy
publishing in your paper tho notice herewith
WlMl'LMARKll B. SEAnnOOli.
We would invite the nttontion of the
parents ami friends of the Deaf and Dumb
childropVji.itizens of this State, to a school
which has recently been opened at Cedar
i Springs Spartanburg dist., (a situation remarkable
for health and pure wate\) bv
! Mr. N. P. Walker, principal for theedui
I Wo recently vi- ited the school and we e j
! much gratified at the progress ma e I y
i the pupils, and have no hesitation in sny- |
! ing, that their proficiency would compare j
} most favorably with the pupils in any of,
! the common schools of the country ; and
j so fir as we are competent to judge, wo
i regard the principal us fully compe'cnt
i to instruct 3/utcs in the primary brandies
^e i k-:.- -.1 : ?
ui inch t-uucmiun.
i Parents who arc flble (o incur the expense
of educating their unfortunate chil|
drert, and would aesire to have it done at
! a convenient distanco from their homes,
i and in their own State, we recommend to
I vint the institution, examine and judge
i for themrclucs.
! The indigent parent who is desirous
I that his child would receive the benefits
of the school, but who is unable to remunerate
the teacher, will be furnished with
the necessary funds from the money appropriated
by the legislature of this State,
for that purpose, (until the same may be
j exhausted by applications prior in point of
i trne,) by signifying his wish to Col. 0. (J.
J/emminger of Charleston, Commissioner
of the Deaf and Dumb for the Lower Division,
orto Thomas N. Dawkinsof Union,
Commissioner of the Upper Division.
The application of every parent, so situated,
it is expected will bo made to the
Commissioner of the Division in which the
applicant, resides, accompanied by hi- affidavit
to that effect, with a certificate of
the nearest magistrate, or tome member
of tho legislature from the same district,
suiting his belief of the correctness of the
WlUTEMARSU B. SeABUOOK,
P. N- Dawkins, Commiss'rs.
I Glenn Sorincs. Auir. 8th. 1840.
x o o ' '
ALLEGED OUTJtAGE ON OUH FLAG.
Gen Oidinot and Mr. Cash.
A letter, addressed, we believe, to the
Boston Daily Advertiser, has been going
the rounds of tho press relative to the
commission of an alleged outrage upon
the American Consul at kome by some
j French soldiers.
We understand that Mr. T3rown, our
I Consul, called in oerson and nvid? a ron.
1 re^enfntion of the facts of this ca*e to
General O di < f The geneml-in-chief
received him witn courtesy, and listened
to his statement with due attention, accompanied
with nil proper expressions of
regret, nnd, in conclusion, directed the
chief of the staff to return with My.
Browtl to the consulate, to collect from
witnesses of the seen* full information in
remind to It.
The noxt dny a miliary SouVi was e died,
which sa' for nine hours, eliciting the
I facts ofthcoxe, with all the minute ess
which (listing lUhes the F/ench tribunll <.
In tho cour e of this ex munition it appeared
thnt two of M\ Brown's ac<*vnnts
(JtaKann) hnd repeatedly, during the day,
insulted the French soldiers in pushing.
At the time in queation Ait individtnl helonging
to a lu ge crowd of Italian*, which,
^T. deft wee of a general order of tho day
pj'oviouft, wa? assembled, to the number
of n hundr.'r! or tt bmidrf-H and lift v. ?it
j the Consul's house, hud drawn a poinard
! on tho guard. A patrol, passing at the
time, entered the house, not being apprised
of its character, and made prisoneof
tho individual in question, and of
another who was recognised as a deserter
from the Fre 11 oh army. They then
withdrew with tlie prisoners. It was in I
evidence upon oath that the patrol deported
themselves witlmut mnnnnnn m?l i
were uninformed of the character of the
premises until they were on the point of
Mr. Brown left the ci'.y wi'h his family
while thi-i examination was in progress,
leaving Mr Freemen (our Consul at Ancona)
in tho temporary discharge of the
uu'iesoi mo itotmn consulate. In con- :
sequence of M\ Brown's nbscncevand un- ;
dor the imp o<-ion thntthe consul ito was j
lofi without an agent, we understand that
Genen l Oirliaot addressed a communication
tn Afr. Cass, our eh irge d'afl'ti es,
in which he recapitulated the result of the
examination, substantially ns we have
given it above, and expressed the p;-ofound
repret which ho had experienced
:\t the e ror thnt hud been committed.
which had been previously expressed in
t>e'-son to tbo Amo'icm Consul nnd Vicc
Consul. He also renewed to j\fr. Ca*s
the assurance that no one in the F?*ench
arniv had harbored the design of disre<wmIinijtho
riqrlits of liw countrv. oroues
'inning thr inviolability of domicil of diplo?r?-?fic
Qcnoral Oudinot further stated, we
unde.rstnnd, (lint tlie two prisoiy.rs lind
been rolejiscd, nnd expressed tlx hope
(hat the communication which ht?d hern
maae would he a sufficient s iti-faction for
the error which hnd been committed, nnd
which could not occur again.?Rrpublic.
THE SKELETON NEOltO.
One of the g>-e:?tcst cirio-i'ios, ever exi
hibi'ed in human shnpe, may now be seen
| nt the Ilnll of the Appieniices' Library,
i in Meeting st. It is a living skeleton, in
| the person of a neg-o o- mestizo, pged
rih'out .?R yea's, nnd 1 eaiirg.thc name of
Wade Hampton. To designate him as a
I living skeleton is no figure of speech, but
the liternal truth?for he is nothing but
sKin ami hone from his neck down to his
extremities. His arms, hnnds, legs nnd
feet are entirely useless to him ; mid he
occupies a nitting or recumbent posture,
being wholly incapable of standing erect.
Nothing hat "ocular demonstration" will
suffice to give an adeounte conception of
the extreme and reed-like slende/ness of
his limbs. Of course he is utterly helpless,
and is enti ely dependent on others
to be fed, dressed and otherwise attended.
His head, including his face, is tho only
member of his body, which, in aught but
motion, connects him with living humnnit,V.
Hp nnscrocAc n r\l?.?onnf
... , r.v..o,.,?. n?U ,.K-Wilhle
vis-age ; bis face being fleshy, if not
exactly full, ' nd in Mriking contrast with
the rest of his outward and attenuated
man. Although t hus denvived of the iust
pioportion? of humanity, and shrivelled
into a perfect avatomy, he is intelligent,
chatty and cheerful; has an excellent appetite,
and actually enjoys existence. IIo
! says be is one of the sons of temperance,
j is a member of the Baptist. Chu ch, and
j looks to a compensation in Ileavcn foi bis
' stinted allotment of blessings on earth.
I Of the value of money, he is quite sennI
hlo nnrl > Anu(CA<1 ?
1. I T * \*? ???tu mo intiui II, ?? p. UIfered
coin. In his present skeletqn state,
lie has been ever t-incc he was eight ve.irs
of ago ; and he nsctibes it to his having
taken nn ove dose of Ilipro, or other
medicine, and then drenching himself
with cold water. IIo was born in Columbia
County, Georgia, about 20 miles from
Augusta, arid was, at the lime of his l>i?-;h,
and still is, the property of a Mr. Humphrey
Evan*, who refuses to part with him
ou any term*, and he is now being exhibited
for the fi-st time. lie is fresh from
the Rowland Springs, and givos a highly
1 ruAt*aKin AP tl>n< ^
(iv>< uvuii< \n 111 < 11> r-n'ii. ui mrui
bo:ii(ty. health and fashion, although lie
did not. d mce at the Fancy Bnll. Wo advise
on-fellow citizens j^enevnlly, ind tlie
mcdic::l faculty p-irticul<i *ly, to \isif this
mo?t extrc.o diniry lususpntunxJ.? Char.
IIoiorm.k 0\\hk !?A woman murdering
her husband and two pons for a few
shillings from a buial club.?In the London
Times of the. 2d, we find n voluminous
report of a t id of a wom:m named
J/ary Ann Geo Ing fo- depriving her h unhand
and two sons of existence, and attemp'iag
the same crime on the perso of
a thi d son,? md idl that the miserable
wrc eh might obtain from a Death Club
the few p:dtry shillings that remain over
and above when tho charges of the burial
h id been disbursed. A darker picture of
hum m depravity it would bo dilHcult to
parallel Poison was the means employ
ca to consummate the deed, nnd that the
only object the murderess had in view
was the money accruing from the Burial
Club, is abundantly proven by 1 ho evidence
elicited on the tri ih The jury wore
out only about ten minutes, when they
returned with a verdict of r/uiltt/, after
...i.: .1. Ai? !., -i - - -
I ?men mi! juage pui on the lil:'.ck cnp and
I passed sentence of d'Nith upon the pri* onI
or, who was removed from the bnr apparently
very Httle affected at her awful
Arn Boundary Survey till Faff.?A
loMer in the Union Trnm n nienther of Col.
VV..1!nr'u .U.o.l C?..- li: t
-.v."-. ? p'w vj , W11U.IJ UMII lyiRirO; ,11106
! 10th, hus the following interesting pnrngraphs:
"Owing to exnosu?*e, Dr. Chamberlain, '
(our surgeon and physician) has -had at- i
* 1. _f r i * ' ? ? - ... i
inuK 01 luver, fina l rum CMIW : but nil is t
now nearly right ngnin. Col. Wol.or has
just recovered from a short spell of illness
caused hy unavoidable exposure here.
"Nearly all (he natives of this region
have gone *o the mines, and it is utterly
out of the question to employ any of them
to labor on the line. The soldiers have to
i.o < - '?- '
mr me lnugue auiv.
"Owing to unavoidable delays, T do
))ot think we ran leare Snn Diet/o before
the Full. The artificial state of things
produced by the mines will create innumerable
obstacles in the survey of the
i:..~ - 1
i t inn:, i no men nave to pay" I
$3 per dozen fnr washing, and other1,
things in proportion, and there is great!
coniplnint on account of the correspond-j
in<r lowness of the pay ; hut whether it i
will lead to desertions in the civil corps;
or not, 1 cannot say."
MORE RIOTTNG IN CANADA.
Montreal, Aug. 1G.
J Last night nhout 30 persons went intoj
La Fontain's house, and broke open the;
garden. A number of shots were fired1
persons in the house, said to be a body'
of disguised mounted police.
A nvin named Mason was shot, ton
slugs entering his body, killing 1 im al|
most instantly. A numhiM of others r.re
j snid to have been wounded. A coroner*'
! iiry w>ts empanelled this afternoon, and
thennd'ou ned over until to-monow. An
other liot is anticipated 'o*monow.
Donnegan's splendid and valuable
hotel was totally destroyed by fi e last
niglu. The loss climated at
oniv part01 which was insured. Du ing
the fie one of the firomen was killed.?
The Blue Hen's Chicken and General
Tavi.op.?The Blue Hen's Chickev
one of the fi-st pi*per* that nominntpd
Gon. Taylor for the Presidency, repudiates
the course of the Admiiustfn'iou.
The editor ays, "We understood from
hi* lette's etce'ern, that he would pd<
minister the government upon the. ptlnoiple
of the eailv Presidents,?huvinp
no menus to reward?no enemies to pun- I
isk: nnd adds We have been disappointed?proscription
lias been the order of
the day. * * * The real friends of
Taylor have been almost mocked at?
their recommendations utteily disregarded.
and the behest of an unp-ineiplcd
clique has ncen takon for the voice of
I Delaware: but Delaware f-epmrn will
I not tfiniolv bear to be trampled upon."
' < Remembers tyrants," continues th<>
Chirken, "your doom is coming," This
Chicken of the Blue Men entered the pit :
j in favor of Gen. Zachary Taylor, and has I
snown ny tnis move that he is determined
to he "cock of the walk,"?Pal.
Vikointa Lkoi&i,atvrb.?The General
A&serpblv, which have heen in session at
the Warrenton ?Spiings for two months,
closed their labors on Friday last, after
having completed the revision of the code
nf ti\n ftf uin Tk/itr Kotrn ?vto/1n I ^
'/ VMV M. It\jj IIU*V umuo ouniu 1(11"
portant amendments* in the laws, and di cetcd
10,000 copies to ho published fpr
Hon. D. M. Barringer, our uewly npnn'nf^rl
in .Qmiin :w in \'our-Vm-b
The Washington Republic say that the
Hon. Ahbott Lawrence, our Minister at
the Court of Si James, arrived in that
city on Thursday. Also, that the Hon.
W. 0. Rives, our Minister to France, passed
through Washington the same day.
with his family, en routo to the soat of hi3
mi sion.?C <ar. Courier,
The whole number of deaths at iSfo
Louis during the fifteen weeks up to Aug."
0, was 0,070, of which number 4,060
were of Asiatic cholem.
The loss of life among the Austrians
before Comorn, in Hungary, from heat
md cholera, is said to be immense. Fourteen
hundred sick and wounded Amtrians
had teen brought into Vienna in
. " _L!L liL.J_.ii 1?L .'. .' '. J i'. '_J3t
From the Colunihun (Oa.) Democrat.
A IHTTEH ON TURNIPS.
'Don't tiilk <o mc :if out phinting Turnips,'
snvx mnny'nn <>ft! farmer! 'Have I
infill uiriy years. 'Well
how much do n>; ko per acre?' 'Why,
bless me, I only pi nt a little cow-pcn
patch, just enough to keep the niggers
in thorns.' 'Hut on what do you feed
your milk cows your sheep and your
stock-hogs through ihe winter months?1
'.Why the sheep shift pretty much for
them.-elves, the cows run in the 'range'
until the feed gives out, and then we
#i... >1"'- -*
nielli n inuc couon 800d.' 'CotIon
seed! you might about as well feed
them '?n woolen rngs; they feed them on
woolen r?gs; they are perfectly indigestible
to 'he stomach, and the only nour-.
ishment from them is the oil that they
contain, and thru you rob your land ofoiip
of its Hotif " *l ?; -
.......I.(II HIU5 misapplying
your cotton seed, whereas, had
you planted one, two or threo acres in
the Rutabaga and Rod top Turnip, your
tiblo would ho supplied with one of the
healthiest vegetables, your cattle would
be fat, your milk and butter woyld suffer
no diminution, either in quantity or quality,
fiom grass fppdint*, and your sheon
would be lienlthy and well clothed with
wool. The Rutabaga is tho best of all
. -it. - ? '
uiu i ui rip trioij ior stock. it is the sweetest,
and ranks next to the carrot, for its
nutritive quality. It is with this turnip^
that England makes her fine beef, her'
fine mutton, and her fine wov*l, and possibly
the very broadcloth on your back was
made through English turnips! Are you
aware of the value of the turnip crop to
England? It is more thaa the entire cot
ion crop ot tnc Unifod State*! But that
can't be possible, you say; yes, it is posr
sible, as proven bv the nty4?ttcs of 'he
wo countries. The fine milk nnd butter,
the fine fat cattle, nnd the fine m t|on
?nd wool, which England produces thro*
her turnip crop, yields her a greator annunl
revenue than docs the cotton crop,
vield to the United States. In England
1 - **
no in inenorthern States tlvey are compelled
to house their turnips, to protcct
hem frorfi the winter frosts. Hero, in
the <South, we hnvc riot this trouble, Sittt
enn pull them from the field, from time
to time, as w? wi-h to feed them, commencing
in September nnd continuing
,l V 41 J ? . ! ? ? -
nuvv^ii uiu winter uniu /\pru. Uchold
then the advantages of the ?outh, even
over England, in the production of wool,
and if you, Farmers, will adopt the method
of England, of penning your sheep,
md feeding with cut turnips through the
winter, no doubt your mutton would be
as fine, your fleeces as heavy, and another
important end profitable branch of Agriculture
,vvy;]d thereby be opono.d to our
peop'e with dr: Tying a po: tioa of h bor
and capital that now goes to the^ovcr
procucuon ol cotton!? fi'ake up, Farm*
ers, to your own and your countrys.s
Bund Bridles. "Yes, use your
thinking powers friends. They were given
you to use, and not nbuso. Blind
bridles! Truly named, surely. Art nev*
er invented a more fatal thinrr to t)i<? ?>v.*a
of hordes Ihnn when she devised this
pi on of depriving tllo J'oVes of what Naturo
intended lie f-hould enjoy. But,
says one, how are blinders injurious to tho
horse ? Because gather dirt and heat
mound tho eye. Dirt irritates the eye
nnd heat produces inflnynntion. These
bridles fo entriimmel the eyes of the
horve r"bnt he in compelled to he constantly
straining them to seo his way. The
nvn??)I ? ? *> ? ** J!?
UTUI'VAVIUUII ?U lliu IICI >c UlJJJgO UII UI8ease.
Eye* were not made in vain.?
Ilrd they been needless, the Creator
would not have located them in the head
Thcv were placed on the comer of tho
head that ho might have the ad van ta go
of looking in different directions. Men,
in thd'flibundAnpe^ of thojr wisdom, concluded
that horsos hnd too much wight.
and thcv wished to curtail it; hence, the
-origin of blind bridles apd diseased eyes
nrc inseparably connected. Custom
hoodwinks the sense of men as much
as blind bridles do tbo vision cf horses."
Heavy Penalty.--The law in Connecticut
ngninst selling spiritoiis lijuors, imposes
a fine of *10 for the first offence,
#20 for tlio second, and so double for every
offence of which hp shall be convicted.
One Mr, Wood ha3 46 cases pending
flgahwt him, the last pf which, ii" found
guilty, subjects hira to ^ penalty of $114,490,982,543,800.?(
Maj. James M,,j8oantland died at the
Hed Sulphur Sj-yings, Tenn,, op the 2'2d
ult. 11h ruiund the flrwt A mcj-ionn flnor on
tho Mcxican fort at Monterey, and at Cer10
Gordo was shot through the head. He
iccovpred from bis wouna for a time, but
it was lm?liy the cau?e of Uiu death.