University of South Carolina Libraries
ALLEN COFFIN, Editor
First the blade, then, the ear, after that the full corn in the ear/'-Pani.
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CHAELESTON, S?TUEDAY, OCTOBER, 7, 1865.
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c tl improvements.
While fearless in irs advocacy of the Right, and
fiank ;u its denunciation ol the Wrong, its columns
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lt v.-iil deal with principles rather than men, j
;i:.<J ;?ilev? the irre and candid discussion of Ml sub -1
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r,Y JOHN n. MOJ?KISUX.
Wc turn once more
T? sec thc quiet way of peace,
And slieathe the sword,
f<>?> long adored,
fu ; ruy that wrong and outrage cease.
N. .\v let the pen
: .. r mind and heart ?ts regal sway.
Ft) ( ure the blind,
To tcacli mankind
ih.w. w" ere, to find i?Vs latter ?*?V ;
Tn right the wrong,
T? swell ti ic throng
Win, know the right and dare maintain^
TH! far and wide,
? ?Vr hind and tide,
.Janice and truth and peace sliall reign;
Till men shall know
Thal tiley who^OW
Tin- wind shall reap the whirlwind fruit;
That right is might,
And truth is light
Ti at hears no tinsel substitute.
All history long
lias rampant wrong
i ?n-cd human weal to human woe*
Anti all the years
Arc wet with tears
,;: anguish in perennial now;
Ami yet to-day
We shun the way
??.' peace that Hes through righteousness.
While (iud und truth.
And ?ove and ruth
Can gi ve no more, and take no less.
BY GEO. II. BORER
[Extract from a Poem delivered before the harvard
: .. Beta Kappa Society at its last anniversary.]
N . in y i.ur prayers forget thc martyred Chief,
' n for the gospel of your own belief,
^erc he mounted to thc people's throne,
for your prayers, and joined in them his
:*w thc man. I see him, as he stands
'?. sifts of mercy in Ms outstretched hands ;
sillily light within his gentle eyes,
'as the toil in which his heart grew wise ;
? ?.:.> Italf darted with the constant smile
* kii lied truth, but foiled thc deepest guile;
N ' a i bent forward, and his willing ear
iy j atient, right and wrong to hear:
' in his goodness, lmnfble in his state,
^ ai his purpose, yet not passionate,
:. his people with a tender hand,
?..von "by love a sway beyond command,
?nnoned by Jot to mitigate a time
razied with rage, uw^rupn?cAis with "crime,
bore his mission -w. Ith so meek a heart
it heaven itself took up Iiis peopled part ;
. when he faltered, lie?pcd him ere he fell,
his efforts out by miracle.
king this man. by grace of God's intent S
.something better, tVceman-MPresident?
?^wwre modeled on a higher plan,
r; himself, au inborn gentleman.
? ^ v ays seem dark, but soon or late
Hicy touch the shining-hills of day;
the evil cannot brook delay ;
' ' S< -od, it can afford to wait
PRIDE AND HUMILITY,
Pride and humility are always relative terms.
They imply a comparison of some sort with an
object higher or lower; and the same mind,
w.th actual excellence exactly the same, and
the same comparative attainments in every one
around, may thus be either proud or humble, as
it looks above or looks beneath. In the great
scale oftociety there is a continued rise from
one excellence to another excellence, internal
or external, intellectual or moral. Wherever
j we may fix, there is still some one whom we
may find.superior or inferior; and these rela
tions are mutually convertible as we ascend or
descend? The shrub is taller than the flower
which grows in its shade; the tree, than the
shrub; the rock, than the tree; the mountain,
j than the single rock ; and above all are the stin
and the heavens. It is the same tn the world
1 of life. F rom that Almighty Being who is the
Source of all Life, to the lowest of His creatures,
what innumerable gradations may be traced,
even in the ranks of excellence on our own
earth! each being higher than that beneath,
and lower than that above*; and thus, all to
all, objects at once of pride or humility, accord
ing as the comparison may be made with the
greater or with the less.
Of two minds, then, possessing equal excel
lence, which is the more noble :-that which,
however high the excellence attained by it, has j
still some nobler excellence in view, to which \
it feels its own inferiority ; or that which, hav
ing risen a few steps in the ascent of intellectual
and moral glory, thinks only of those beneath,
and rejoices in an excellence which would ap
pear tc it of l:ttle value if only it lifted a single
glance to the perfection above ? Ya this ha
bitual tendency to look beneath, rather than
above, js the chat acter of mind which is denom- !
mated "prided" while the tendency to look I1
above, rather than below, and to feel an infer?- !1
ority. therefore, which others perhaps do not 1
perceive, is the character which is denominated 1
" humility." Is it false, then, or even extrava- j1
gant, to say that humility is truly the nobler; jr
and that pride, which d. lights in the contemnla- i;
cwn ui aojrci a oj .TVS rrcneaiT., IS truly itself! more |
abject than that meekness of heart which is j *
humble because it has greater objects,and which - ir
looks with reverence to the excellence that is ? x
above it, because it is formed with a capacity of j 1
feeling all the worth of that excellence which it j
reveres r * * *
The accomplished philosopher and man of j '
letters, to whom the great names of all who have ? '
been eminent in ancient and modern times, in
ali the nations in which the race of man has
risen to glorv, are familiar, almost like thc names '
of those with whom he is living in society,-who
has thus constantly before his mind images of '
excellence of the highest Older, and who, even r
In the hopes which he dares to foi rn, feels how
small a contribution it will be in his power to ]
add to the great imperishable stock of human
wisdom, -may be proud indeed ; but his pride
will be of a so;t that is tempered with humility,
and will be humility itself if compared with the j '
pride of a pedant or sciolist, who thinks, chat,
in adding the result of some little discovery
which he may have iortunate4y made, he is al
most doubling that mass of knowledge,in which
it is scarcely perceived as an element.
Pride, then, as a character ?f self-complacent
exultation* is not the prevailing cast of mind of
those who are formed for genuine excellence.- -
He who is formed for genuine excellence has -
before him an ideal 'perfection.-that semper
melius aliqziid,-which makes excellence itself,
however admirable to those who measure it only
with their weaker powers, seem to his own mind,
as compared with what he has ever in his own
mental vision, a sort of failure. He thinks less
of what he has done than of what it seems pos
sible to do ; and he is not so much proud of
merit attained, as desirous of a merit that has
not yet boen attained by him.
It is in this way that the very religion which
ennobles man leads him, not to pride, but to hu
mility. It elevates him from the smoke and
dust of earth; but it devates- him above the
darkness, that he may see better the great heights
above him. It shows him, not the mere excel
lence of a few frail creatures, as fallibly as him
self, but excellence, the very conception of which
is the highest effort that can be made by man :
exhibiting thus constantly what it will be the
only honor worthy of his nature to imitate,
however faintly ; and checking his momentary
pride, at every step of his glorious progress, by
the brightness and the vastness of what is still
May I not add to these remarks, that it is in
this way we are to account for that humility
which is s'? peculiarly a part of the Christian
character, as contrasted with tho general pride .
which other systems either recommended or al- :
low ? The Christian religion is, indeed, as has
been often sarcastically said by those who revile
it, the religion of the humble in heart; but it is .
the religion ot the humble, only because it pre
sents to our contemplation a higher excellence
than was ever before exhibited to man. The
proud look down upon the earth, and see noth
ing that creeps upon its surface more noble than
themselves ; the humbie look upwards to their
God. . * THOMAS BROWN.
Gossip is one of the meanest, as well as one
of the most degrading crimes that society tol?r
For I have sworn upon the alter of my God eter
nal hostility against every form of tyranny over
the mind of man.-THOMAS JEFFERSON
It is the inalienable right of every sane, sober,
and sensible human being to do his own think
ing. Not only this, but it is his duty to exer
cise each and all the faculties of mind of which
he is possessed. It 13 as much his duty to exercise
his reason as his vision, His devotion as his hear
ing, and he is a complete man only in propor
tion as he ex?rcised nil there is of him. If he
be wanting in Firmness, he is so much the less
a man. If wanting in true moral courage, and
in the power of self-defence; in dignity and self
reliencc; in kindness, justice, economy, inven
tion, music, affection, method, memory, imita
tion, sagacity, or of energy, he is simply unfor
tunate and incomplete. . Nor is he capable of
being "free," in the fullest sence of that term, if
he be not capable of maintaining it, defending
his rights and protecting those dependent on
him. If he be dissipated, he is in bonds and a
slave to his appetite: if a spendthrift, a prodi
gal, Le comes uuder bonds or obligations to
others. But if he be developed in all his facul
ties- of sane mind f.nd sound body-so culti
vated as to be able to use himself, he may be
Freedom is the normal condition of man.
Slavery-be it of body 0r mind-is abnormal,
unnatural, and is contrary to the laws of God
and nature. Whoever places trammels on the
minds of men, or legislates to keep them in ig- j
norance or to hold them in subjection, violates
a. God-given law.
Foreign war is bad ; civil war is worse ; but
t'avcry, to a human being, is thc very worst
?ondition to which a man, with thc attributes of
Grod in Ins nature, can possibly be subjected.
Next to this in the consequence of slavery, is its
iemoralizing effects on those who assume to
.ule over the slave, lt begets in them a domi
neering spirit, which necessarily ripens into
yranny. lt also begets idleness, a disinclina
ion to labor, habits of luxurious living, und
hence a larger license to the passions, and a
esser regard for human law, human life, or h li
lian liberty. It prevents the full and free de
velopment cf thc slave,. fr^mrbw?r:rT."r', ?1
v/i cftir?cfxsiifp; ul LO regulate ana take care ol
limself, and tends to keep him perpetually in
nental childhood. Thus the infliction of one
vrong begets others, and the mfr?ngememt Of j
?ights brings in its train a curse on all.
For the fullest development of ali our powers
ve heed freedom of thought, freedom of speech,
freedom to act, freedom to grow, freedom to do
.ight, und freedom to worship God.
MR. FORNEY writes a conciliatory and earnest
ippeal to the Union party to unite and not di- I
vide on any present issues. The temper of this j
appeal is the best, and the motives of the writer j
ibove suspicion. I?e thinks we have come to a .
halt, that the battle is over, that nothing more
is left to fight for, and that our future is a con
stant enjoyment of victory. Is there not a law ;
of progress : Are we not always moving on
-going from better to better in the endeavor to j
reach the -consummation of national peace and
prosperity r It may be the cause of the politic
ian to close tli2 eyes and refuse to sec what lies
in the immediate future. It may be very charm- j
iug to He like lotus-caters on the luxuriant j
sands, and look forever on sea and beach and j
sky. But we live in a living world. There arc
battles to be fought, prejudices to be overcome,
frre?t duties to be fulfilled. If we rest we stag
nate. The world moves on. The life of the
Union party is active, honest thought. When
God created tile heavens and the earth, it was
not the work of one day, nor did ile rest uut:l
many breathed. For us there is no rest. Let
us have kindness and harmony and the joining
of hands as brethren but no halting. Our
course is unward, steadily onward, in the path
of justice and principle. A good soldier never
wearies of the march.
ANDREW JOHNSON, in a speech at Nashville,
Tenn., spen his nomination for the Vice Presi
dency, according to thc New York Herald's
correspondence, made use of the following lan
guage on the status of the Slave :
" Addressing himself to any black men who
mi^ht bc within the reach of his voice, he then
told them that " they were set loose and free."
They had been admitted into thc great field of
competition, where industry and energy alone
thrived ; and advised them that, if they were not
industrious and economical, they would have to
give way to those of such habits, and that they
would be driven from the field, if they did not
work. "Freedom." he said, "means liberty to
work, and then to enjoy thc fruits and products
of your labor. This is the philosophy of it.
Let ail men have a fair start and an equal chance
anthe race of life, and let merit be rewarded
without regard to color." He was for cutting
the negro loose;.and he believed that in freeing
the negro wc were emancipating the poor white
man from a no less degrading slavery to thc
aristocracy, which he again alluded to as " this
infernal and damnable aristocracy," and whick
he declared hirfiseif in favor of breaking up.
"And in thus freeing the slave, thereby commitj
ting ? great right, you destroy aristocracy, an|
thus abolish a great wrong." j
One cf the saddest things about human nij
titre is, that ? man may guide others in ?
path of life, without walking in it himself; tte'j
he may be a pilot, and yet a castaway.
LET GIRLS BE GIRLS.
There are a great many be?ple who, in some j
way or other, are always regretting and com
plaining that girls are not premature old women.
Tliey would have them full of wisdom and ex
perience as Solomon or Prince Metternich: they
would have them drilled into the hardest work
pf the house and fenn, until they have lost life j
and vivacity, and unfit for anything hut the com
monest routine of domestic life. In the first
morning suulight of existence tiie gravity of gray
hairs is expected, and the silent profundity of an
old hig-eyed owl. They must have the power
ot reflection,that belongs to an antiquated cow,
and the faculty of doing twenty things at once,
known only to the mother of fourteen children.
Tliey must lia ve an ardent admiration for science
and phlosophy; they must like drab high-necked
dresses, and wear their hair combed straight be
hind without ornament. They must like calf- !;
skin shoes and dyed stockings, and glory in hard,
la-own hands and a sun-burnt complexion. They
must look with uncompromising hostility on aU
nice young men, and never flirt the least bit in :
the world. They must read Locke,. Bacon. Sir ;
Isa>e New iou, and .study the peculi?uti?s of ?pi-. j '
ders and beetles for recreation until they look. 11
themselves like the fossil remains of the British "
It is no use-?irisViii be girls a* long as the <
world lasts ; they will commit a thousand follies ;
they will get up undying friendships, which xviii ]
last sometimes a day, sometimes a week, some- ! ?
times a month, sometimes a year. They will ?j
have several attacks ^of the affections, just ?s i
children have thc whooping cough and measles, I j
during which time they imagine they shall never '
survive, and they shall die. But they don't; they j
live to become quiet, industrious, sensible wives ?
aSd mothers-generally a great deal too good for \
the individuals who own them. Thank goodness, <
tliey will always wear pretty dresses whenever i
they can get them : it is natural, and* just as s
pro-per as for the flowers to take different If?cs.
Those croakers who want young girls to dress in }
brown and drab would extinguish the sunlight, (
would have the sky always a dull lead color, >
would burn up the fresh green grass, would wither c
the leaves on the trees, and extinguish the bril, c
liant_tints of .the flowers. ^
able; and gentleness, delicacy, and the absence of
whatever is coarse or revolting, forms one of her
chief attractions to man. Are not the ideals of c
man soft-handed, white-robed angels ? It is onlv >
sometime after they arc married that they assoc!- 1
ate them with ?hilling calico and peeling potatoes.,
Then let the giris enjoy their illusions and dc-** i
lttsions as long as they can. They wj-Jl wake soon 1
enough to life and its realities let them flit and t
flutter out their brief hour of butterfly existence, (
which has its own charm and even use, both in
contemplation and in retrospect Time will dis
cover to than what it expects of them. 1
THE NIJSTE BEATITUDES OF ST. c
A remarkable manuscript, bearing unmistaka
ble evidences of antiquity, has recently bern
brought to light in this city, and'placed in our .
hands for nspection. After careful examina
tion, we lavj been unable to trace its date
or authorship. There are certain passages in it
which reniind us of eminent personages now
living. Take, for instance, the following . .
chapter, which we extract from the manuscript, ?
called "Tlc Nine Beatitudes of St. Timothy," ^
to each pa'agraph of which, we ?r?ve appended
the name (f thc person Whose "stylt!' it resem- j
bles. Pena ps some of our Northern readers
will bc abe, through it, to throw some light up
on the oigin of this singular document.' We <;
1. Blesfd is he whe does not make a cent; I
for he shal have no i-ncome tax to pay.-Jolcn- I.
2. Blcsed is the bald-headed man; for his ;
wife eanmt pull his hair.-Brkifnall.
o. Blesed is the homely man ; for the girls
j shall.-not holest him. Yea, thrice blessed is
he ; fer Wien he shall ask a lady to dance, she j-:
shall ans vcr Mm, saying, "I am engaged for
the next ti-"-Clapp. '
4. Blesed is he who polishcth his boots, but j'
not Iiis nurals-who improveth the outside of j
lils lead, jut not the inside thereof: for all the ?
girl; shah rise up at his coming, and pronounce
. him BeiutifulJ"- b iggin. ( j
5 Blessed is the.man who hath little brains,
butbrass in abundance ; for he shall be the la
die' favorite. Selah.- Gould. ?
? Blessed is the man who giveth many and
colly presents unto the young ladies; for great
shll be his re\vard--in a horn.-Jf4bsfet,
' ,. Blessed is the man who. is always ?at
toke; for no man saith unto him, "Lend me
fie dollars.":-Fields. m ? -
|8. Blessed is the boy John ; for unto him no
?in ?resenteth a subscription paper.-llacdon
j 9. Blessed is the Artful^ for when he is ask
? to contribute to a "good cause," he answer
. Rh, saying, "Spongers!" and straightway the
Philanthropist leaveth him, and George goeth
; JU his way rejoicing.-TJvoM'm. ' '
ii . ' j
j How RACE'S DIE OUT.--The method ia which
lower races fuse into or escape from the higher is
li mystery in its causes, but weil understood in
lits result. The lower race loses its productive
[ness, and dozens of extinct tribes, like the ex
jtinct generations of animals', attest this. ? The red.
Indian of America, the native race of JPe.ru* ?id
the aborigine's of Australia are living examples
of this rule. In fourteen years in Tasmania, a
living traveller says, the aboriginal inhabitants,
although numbering upward of a thousand, did
not give birth.to more than fourteen .children.
We may rest assured that.at this rate any class
of beings will soon exhaust itself.
-^--_ J^.f , m - . j j j j ? ? ? --~ ^ ^- ? I minn
MIXING THE RACES.-Tlie.PIorence correspon
dentof The Tribune says: " We Europeans do
not understand that antipathy which American
affectation pretends^ to feel against the colored
race. Alexander Dumas, the quadroon, was the
guest.of princes in Europe; his father, themulat
t?jWas a renowned general in Napoleon's time; his
son, an octoroon, has just married the widow
Princess Xariskkin. Count Puskin,thc great Rus
sian poet, too, was a quadroon: so was Baron
Feuchtersieben, Under-secretary of Public In
struction in Austria ; and if we go back to older
times, thc first. Duke of Tuscany, Alessandro
Medici, who reigned from 1500 to 1537, was a
mulatto ; and the Emperor Charles V. liad so lit- '
tie antipathy against negro decent that he gave his
daughter Margaret in marriage to thc mulatto
Duke. His portrait, with woolly hair and thick j
lips, is still seen in'the public gallery of Florence j
among thc Dukes of Tuscany; and it gives one ?
always a peculiar pleasure .to show his dark face j
to the Americans, who speak wjth horror about
miscegenation. Had Messrs. Mackav and Sala I
studied the question iu Europe before tljey went
to the United States, they would not have made
themselves so ridiculous m their correspond
ence."- . Si
Om Di: A D HERO.--Rev. pY.C??pi?,:m his
liscourse oh thc dea'??? of our lafe "lamen ted Piv>i-,
lent, said : ' ' ; j ' .
"Think, think of thc load that rested on his j
:iead. thc crushing-hunl?n of his. charge ! when j
rou ancj. I slept safely in our cabins, our faithful j
helmsman has kept thc deck fixing his eyes upon j
:he stormy course he had to traverse, watching !
br the-first star to break the midnight gloom, i
When we were quietly shelton! from the tem- ?
>csf, he hared his brow to thc wind and thc rain. !
md trustful in God, devoted soul and bodv to his
vork, had faith when others trembled, grew strom? j
rer with thc supreme struggle, and saw our ban- !
?er in the sky when all was dark to men of les- j
?er-starure." . .
The reverend gentleman, rising io thc full
leight of his great theme at this point of his dis
course, repeatedly dieted applause, which it
voulu be folly to attempt to restrain. Ile
?ontrasted herc -'that strong will, that mus
cular energy of the mind belonging to the peo
nore graceful, but far less enduring, attributes
>f tAat ciiiv?lrv 'whose silken gloss so casilv
f . * i
yore oft) and that classic grace which warped and j
)Cnt when hi^ unconthe.ness still steed firm and
i^n'mehing.' Why should -.ve go to thc classic
?ccords of heroes ? Why amid times so grand in
rial*-and, thank God. in virtues as loi'iy and
complete as ever shone on earth to meet them
?eek elsewhere than in our most recent history for
lie example^ that arc hereafter to animate the
children of thc Republic in their efforts to make
mr land the greatest and the'best among the na
WHERE "TARIFF*' CAME FROM.-Everybody
mows thc meaning of the word tariff'-viz., a
ixed scale of duties, levied upen imports. Let
my one turn to a map ol Spain, and he will no
ice at its southern point, and running out _into
he Straits of (.i i bra Uar, a promontory which from
ts position, is admirably adapted tor command
ng the entrance of the Mediterranean Sea, and
vatchhig the exit and entrance of all ships. A
brtrcss stands upon this promontory called now,
is it was also called in times cf thc Moorish dom
nation in Spain, Ta rifa ;" the name, indeed, is
>f Moorish orign. lt was the custom of the I
Moors to watch, from this point, all merchant
mips going into or coming out of the midland
>ea ; and. issuing from this stronghold to levy j
ludes according to a fixed seale on all merehan- j
liese passing in and out of the Straits and this i
ivas called: from thc place where it was levied,
'tariff" or " tariff,"' and, in this way, the word !
has been acquired.
Tut: BRO KKK PEED^E.-A gentleman iii Vir- ;
ninia liada boy Six or seven years old. who '
wanted to sign thc pledge ;a!l in the fancily had j
lone so, biit tire father thought himitoo young
?ind wouid not let him. At last however, after
much in treaty, permission was given him. Soon
after the father went on a journey. At one stop
ping place, away from thc town, he called for ;
some water, lt did not come, so he called for rt
again still could not get it; but cider was brought \
and, being very thirsty, he so far forgot himself
as to drink that. When he returned home he
related thc circumstance. After he had finished
the little boy caine up to his knee, with his e\wes
full of tears, and said, "Father, how far was you
from James River ?' " Rather .nore than liiteen
miles, my boy.'' "Well," said thc little fellow,
sobbing, 'Td have walked there and back again,,
rather than have broken my pledge 1" Oh, God
bless thc. children j We have thousands such as
these children, children who understand thc
principle and keep to the practice.
PRATER.-In the- very moment when thou
prayest, a treasure is laid up'forthee in heaven.
No Christian's prater fulls back from tneifcssed
<ratcs of heaven* each enters there li kc. n mes
senger-dove ; some bring back immediate visible
answers; but all return to the heart with the
fragrance of pea'ce on them, from thc holy place
where they have "been.- Gregory.
Notwithstanding the deference man pays his
intellect, Ive is governed more by his heart than
hisfceud. reason may nxonounce with a
cert?&ty that [seems, to imply no impossibility
of mistake ;;;:but, after all, his heart will run
away Avith tie action.
Strive to make everybody happy, and you
wii? at least make 'enc sc-yourself.
! . YO??N? MEB\ -
Young men are the head ajud brains of a nation.,
They infuse life through ali its arteries. TJiey;
are at.the head of ali movements. They carry.
? the world along upon their shoulders. ** Youn^
men for action, old men for counsel/'. is a time
honored adage. The conservatism of the old maj,
be necessary to restrain the enthusiasm.ajod ardor
of youthful blood, but without that ardor, j?j
; world would stand still and fall into senility. The
great actions that adorn history* have beep done.
for the most part, by men before they .reached
middle age. Washington fr?.d achieved .a char
actor and a ?arne before he was forty, an cl he was
but forty-four when called to lead the army to de?
li veranee and independence. If great men a*icr- ;
a generation, they make their greatness manifest.
in the days of young manhood. This holds true
whether in the walks of science, of literature, or
of enterprise; in military, in business, or in art
The only exception, seems to be in statesmanship .
But even here, if it were not for young ?3f*iQ^
and enthusiasm," calling out the caution and thc
timidity and the dread of change in the old-v
which thev dignifv bv the name of prudence ana
the wisdom of .exper?en"ce--o?dr statesmen .wontf
conduct a country into" stilt In? stagnant watersf
and bv desert shores. . - . - *. _L
There is always room in thc world for yoting
men of talent and of vigorous purposes. ?^ev.
make their own opportunities.,. Thev create
circumstances, and carve Out new openjngs. Es-,
pcciallv is this true in thc United States. This_
country is no place for idlers and the lazy. TJ??
laggard will bc left far, far behind in the progresa
of men who are full of earnest purposes. There^
have al wa vs been abundant chances for young:
men with brains, and there always will be. E ut.
the present time beams with more than ordinary,
promise for those who are about to take their
places in thc busy affairs pf life* The convulsion
through which we have gassed, has chanced "tfio
entire face of affairs in this country. A race h&j
been born to freedom. New conditions of labor .
have been established for the vast Southern ter-,
ri tory. Millions will receive pay for,their tabor
who never received wages before. This will im
crease tlieir necessities, and create new wants.
A vast market, therefore,, hitherto closed, except
and enterprise of the vouas men: It is like the.
discovery of a new nation wita Eve millions of
people, whose wants are everything, and whose
means to pay arc the products of their hands and
thews and sinews. The next ten yejsrs wift seo.
thousands of establishments for business spring,
up through all the "Sunny .South," which would
have been impossible but for this^ rebellion. a
Thus out of ??vii good will have be^n educed.
Rich mines of business are opening in the South^
and an exigency will exist for skilled and trakr?a
men of business. To meet this exigency, youn?*.
men should avail themselves of tlw advantage^
offered by Commercial Colleges, so that they may
receive a thorough business training in Book-keep
ing, in Penmanship, in the mode of doing .business,
and be prepared to seize golden opportuneie.< a?
they pass. Thc country.is waiting eagerly to
welcome young men of business who have brain?
and a backbone.
? ~ ! "v.
Acer RACY.-Accuracy is an invariable mariT
of good training in a man-accuracy in obser"
vation, accuracy in the transaction fcf affairs^
What is done in business mrst be well done; for
it is better to accomplish perfectly a small amount
cf work, than to half do ten times as much. A
wise man used to say, "Stay? little, that we may
make an end thc sooner/5 Too little attention
however, is paid to this important quality af ac
curacy. As a man eminent in practical science
lately observed to us, "It is astonishing how few
people I have met in t the course of my experi
ence who can define a fact accurately." Ye* in
business affairs, it is the manner in which even
small matters are transacted, that often decide
men against you.. With virtue, capacity and
good conduct in oilier respects, the person who
is habitually inaccurate cannot bc trusted; his
work has to be gone over again, flnd- he thus caus
es endless annoyance, vexation and trouble.
TUE INFLUENCE OF THE EYE.-Lichtenstein,
j says the African hunters avail, themselves pf(t*je.
^circumstance that the lion does not attempt to,
i spring upon his prey until he has measurer^ tdje.
[ground, and has reached the distance of ter* or
! twelve paces, when he lies, crouching on thc
; ground, gather.?*.*? himself up for the effort.-"
?Thc nunters, he says, make it a rule never tc'
I fire on the lion nntil he lies down at this short
! distance, so that tr.ey can aim directly at his
I head with the most perfect certainty. If one"
i meets alton, his only safety is to stand still,'
j -hough the animal crouches to make his spring ;
j that spring will not be hazarded if .tne r?a? re-*
I main motionless and look him steadfastly in the
1 ej'es. The animal hesitates, rises,' slowly, re?
j treats some steps, lonks earnestly about him-*
1 lies down-again retreats, rr ll, getting by de'
I g:c?s cjuite out of ^the magic circle of man's in"
j fluence, he takes flight iii the utmost haste.
i- TA KI NO C OTT).-Thousands die annually by
j simply "taking a cold." A cold is usually taken
j either by being chilled, putting on damp cloth
ing,, or cooling off suddenly after exereisinf
j freely. To avoid undue changes irt the temper
i ature of the body, made in 'either of these ways?
is to promote health ond prolong life'.
-There is a class of men eyer readjr to furn?
? you to any extent^ if you only give tnem %
-Never condemn your neighbor unhearcf
there are always two ways of telttri* a storj'C